Yoga = union (sanskrit root yuj = to joke, connect), the joking of the individual sense of self to the cosmic eternal Self
Yogi = one who practices techniques to bring about Self-realization, also one who has attained Self-realization
Hatha Yoga = yoga of physical postures and breathing techniques, preparing the body for seated meditation. (ha=sun, tha=moon) Hatha Yoga is the joining of opposite forces such as sun and moon, pingala and ida nadi, body and mind through breath, individual sense of self with the oneness of being.
Sadhana = conscious spiritual practice
Dhyana = meditation, absorption, uninterrupted focus of attention
Sakshi = witness, non-judgmental observation
Samadhi = ‘same as the highest’, enlightenment, Self-realization, cosmic consciousness, bliss, ecstasy
Brahman = the expansive one, changeless reality of all things, no name no form, pure love (Sanskrit root bri = ever expanding)
OM = the primal sound/vibration, most powerful mantra
Guru = remover of darkness, teacher, enlightenment principle
Sangha = community
Satsang = attachment to the truth, association with like-minded people who remind you of your true potential
Jivanmukta = one who is enlightened to the true nature of being while still living (jiva=individual soul, mukta=liberated being)
Jivamukti = yoga style founded by Sharon Gannon and David Life, path to enlightenment through compassion for all other beings, integrated method of yoga combining physical practices with ahimsa (non-harming), bhakti (devotion), dhynana (meditation), nada (deep listening, music) and shastra (study of scripture). Living liberated.
Moksha = liberation
Samsara = the wheel of birth and death, suffering
Karma = action (Sanskrit root kr=to act). The law of karma is the law of cause and effect, action and reaction, interrelation.
Anarchy = Self-rule. True Self-rule means to be guided by the inner divine Self, not motivated by the desires of ego. The philosophy of Self-rule is called anarchism.
Ahimsa = non-harming, reducing the harm we cause to others in as many ways as possible (first of the 5 Yamas from Patañjali’s Ashtanga Yoga)
Vegetarianism = the practice of not eating meat (according to the yamas/yogic ethical guidelines in the Yoga Sutra of Patañjali, a vegetarian diet is key to the yoga practice)
Veganism = the practice of not eating or using any products derived from animal sources
Nada Yoga = deep listening (for the unstruck sound), the yoga that is attained by hearing the nadam/OM, creating a sound body/mind by listening from the external (music) towards the internal (nadam)
Sanskrit = the perfect language (put together, constructed, highly refined), ancient language of India, a potent vibrational language with the inherent power to invoke what is spoken
Chakra = wheel, energy center within sushumna nadi, the central energy channel along the spine. There are 7 chakras: muladhara (root place), swadhisthana (her favorite standing place), manipura (jewel in the city), anahata (unstruck), vishuddha (poison-free place), ajna (command center), sahasrara (thousand-petaled lotus).
Nadi = river, current, subtle energy channel through which prana flows, similar to meridians. There are said to be ca. 72 000 nadis in the body, the 3 main ones being ida (moon channel/left), pingala (sun channel/right) and sushumna (central channel, ray of light).
Prana = vital energy, life force
Pranayama = yogic breathing techniques, restraining and freeing the prana/vital force in the body
Shakti = feminine power of the divine, force of nature (prakriti)
Kundalini = consciousness, ‘serpent power’, potential energy said to lie dormant at the base of the spine as a coiled up snake, moving upwards through the central channel (sushumna) once being awakened
Bandha = energetic lock, the 3 main bandhas are mulabandha (root lock), uddiyana bandha (flying up lock) and jalandhara bandha (chin lock, net lock, cloud catching lock)
Drishti = gaze, letting the eyes rest on a particular location such as navel, thumb or tip of nose during asana practice
Ujjayi = upward victorious breath, particular way of deepening and lengthening the breath in asana and pranayama practice by slightly closing the vocal cords to create a smooth subtle sound in the throat
Kapalabhati = skull shining (kriya, cleansing breath)
*source: mostly based on glossary from “Jivamukti Yoga, practices for liberating body and soul” by Sharon Gannon and David Life